ASPIRE is the World Bank's premier compilation of Social Protection and Labor (SPL) indicators gathered from officially-recognized international household surveys in order to analyze the distributional and poverty impact of Social Protection and Labor programs. ASPIRE is an ongoing project that aims to improve SPL data quality, comparability and availability to better inform SPL policies and programs.
This portal serves both World Bank staff and external practitioners as a one-stop-shop for SPL indicators. ASPIRE is directly linked to the World Bank Databank in order to provide the user with tools to search the database and to generate customized tables and charts. In addition the portal includes related survey information from the World Bank Microdata Library.
ASPIRE is a joint project of the World Bank Social Protection and Labor (SPL) Global Practice.
ASPIRE builds on the work of several country and regional teams within the World Bank SPL Global Practice, together with the World Bank Poverty Global Practice, the Development Economics Research Group (the team that developed the ADePT SP software), and the International Income Distribution Database (I2D2). All these colleagues have helped the ASPIRE team in obtaining the necessary data and welfare aggregates to build the database and have been critical in validating the indicators produced. An important acknowledgement goes also to the staff of over 100 governmental statistics offices that collected the primary household survey data.
The ASPIRE database is managed by a core World Bank team led by Oleksiy Ivaschenko and is comprised of Ruslan Yemtsov, Claudia P. Rodríguez Alas, Marina Novikova, Linghui Zhu, Usama Zafar, Ana Veronica Lopez, Ana Sofia Martinez Cordova, , Renata Pereira De Mello, Raiden Dillard, and the following staff in charge of analyzing and validating indicators:
- Africa Aline Coudouel, Lead Economist
- Ramya Sundaram, Senior Economist
- Dimitris Mavridis, Economist
- Samik Adhikari, Young Professional
Pablo Acosta, Senior Economist
- Juul Pinxten, Social Protection Specialist
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Mattia Makovec, Economist
- Renata Mayer Gukovas, Research Analyst
- Frieda Vandeninden, Consultant
- Latin America and the Caribbean
Junko Onishi, Senior Social Protection Specialist
- Lucia Solbes Castro, Social Protection Specialist
- Ursula Milagros Martinez Angulo, Consultant
Middle East and North Africa
Amr S. Moubarak, Social Protection Economist
- Dalal Moosa,Young Professional
Yoonyoung Cho, Senior Economist
- Anastasiya Denisova, Economist
By harmonizing survey data for 124 countries, ASPIRE aims to meet the increasing demand on comparable and up-to-date SPL data from policymakers, practitioners and other country stakeholders, World Bank staff, other development organizations, researchers and civil society.
In summary, ASPIRE indicators based on household surveys are useful for:
- Benchmarking SPL programs and systems performance in terms of overall coverage, benefit incidence, adequacy of benefits, impact on poverty and inequality, benefit-cost ratios as well as programs overlaps and spending. These indicators are provided by program type, by extreme poor, poor and non-poor, by quintiles of (before and after-transfer) welfare distribution, and by urban/rural geographical areas.
- Complementing administrative data on SPL programs and systems collected through countries’ Management Information Systems for a broader analysis.
- Providing a description of country SPL systems based on nationally representative household surveys (with related caveats) and on information directly collected from beneficiaries.
The ASPIRE database includes two types of indicators: performance and social expenditure.
This indicator refers to the total program expenditure including spending on benefits and on administrative costs. The indicator captures both the recurrent and capital program budget and is based on administrative program records. Program level expenditure is analyzed as a percent of GDP of the respective year and is aggregated by harmonized program categories (unconditional cash transfers, conditional cash transfers, social pensions, school feeding, in-kind transfers, fee waivers, public works, and other social assistance) of social assistance programs (expenditure for social insurance and labor market programs is not yet available).
Performance (generated through ADePT Social Protection)
Performance indicators estimate the performance of social assistance, social insurance and labor market programs in 124 countries based on nationally representative household surveys. The indicators are disaggregated by SPL harmonized program category, by rural and urban geographical areas, by quintile of the pre- and post-transfer welfare distribution, and by those living below PPP $1.90 a day (extreme poor). They are grouped according to the following topics:
- Program duplication and overlaps
- Targeting accuracy
- Benefit incidence
- Beneficiary incidence
- Benefit level
- Average per capita transfer (daily $PPP)
- Adequacy of benefits
- Impacts and efficiency
- Poverty head count reduction
- Poverty gap reduction
- Inequality reduction
- Benefit-cost ratio
ASPIRE performance indicators are generally based on national representative household surveys (except for Argentina where the survey is only urban representative) including household income expenditure/budget surveys, Living Standard Measurement Surveys (LSMS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICs), Surveys on Income and Living Conditions (SILCs), and Welfare Monitoring Surveys. Efforts are made to ensure that welfare aggregates (either income or consumption per capita) used to rank households are those harmonized by World Bank regional poverty teams and are up-to-date.
ASPIRE expenditure indicators are based on program administrative records from primary and secondary sources: official government reports and the official website; data provided directly by government officials through country dialogue with the World Bank; published World Bank country reports; and other international databases (from the Asian Development Bank, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations, and World Food Programme, HelpAge). When official program-level administrative data are not available, data have been collected and compiled by the World Bank local consultants working closely with government agencies implementing social assistance programs.
There is no other source of similar indicators for the developing world:
- With the same country coverage
- Archived and accessible
- Focused on cutting-edge techniques to assess program performance (ADePT Social Protection)
Explore Data Dashboards
Access regional and country dashboards displaying tables and graphs with the latest data and trends on Social Protection and Labor
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