Social Inclusion and equity cluster (Cluster C) covers wide range of policy areas such as gender equality, equity of public resource use, human development, social protection, and environmental sustainability are covered under this cluster. The regional average score for cluster C increased to 3.3 in 2018 after sliding to 3.2 in 2017. The increase reflected strengthening of the policies affecting gender equality, equity of public resource use, and building human resources. All the country groups, including fragile countries, achieved their highest score on the building human resources criterion, which covers health and education, pointing to an increased focus on developing capabilities in human capital. The average score for environmental sustainability continued to hold steady across fragile and non-fragile countries. By contrast, the average score for social protection and labor decreased in 2018. It was the lowest average score among the cluster components, highlighting the need for effective social safety nets for poor and vulnerable populations especially in the region’s fragile countries.

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Cluster Indicators


Created from: World Bank, CPIA

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Key Indicators


Gender Equality

Equity of Public Resource use

Building Human Resources

Social Protection and Labor

Policy and Institutions for Environmental Sustainability