Public sector Management and Institutions (Cluster D) covers governance and public sector capacity issues: property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue management, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability and corruption in public sector. Sub-Saharan African countries are diverse, with mixed governance performance. The regional average score for cluster D in 2016 is 3.0. Sub-Saharan African countries have experienced a modest net gain in the number of countries registering strengthening in cluster D scores in 2016—that is, 10 countries experienced an increase while six recorded a decline. Nonetheless, the average score for the IDA countries in Sub-Saharan Africa continues to lag that of other IDA countries. This pattern is evident across most of the dimensions of governance that make up cluster D, with the largest gaps in corruption (0.3) and property rights (0.2).
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- CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating (1=low to 6=high)
- CPIA equity of public resource use rating (1=low to 6=high)
- CPIA building human resources rating (1=low to 6=high)
- CPIA social protection rating (1=low to 6=high)
- CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating (1=low to 6=high)
- CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average (1=low to 6=high)