Public sector Management and Institutions (Cluster D) The regional average score for cluster D—also referred to as the governance cluster—was 3.0 in 2018. Country scores across the governance cluster display no consistent upward trend over time. Over the past 10 years, the overall score for the governance cluster has averaged 3.0, reaching its highest point in 2013, at 3.1. Although the score for the efficiency of revenue mobilization component has been relatively high, it has remained unchanged since 2014. Meanwhile, the scores for property rights and rule-based governance and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector have stayed consistently low and well below the cluster average. The persistent low scores in these areas are a major concern, as they suggest a sustained loss of public resources that could be effectively channeled toward development programs.

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Cluster Indicators


Created from: World Bank, CPIA

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Key Indicators


Property Rights and Rule-Based Governance

Quality of Budgetary and Financial Management

Efficiency of Revenue Mobilization

Quality of Public Administration

Transparency, Accountability, and Corruption in the Public Sector