Cluster D covers governance and public sector capacity issues: property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue management, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability and corruption in public sector. The governance challenge in Africa is particularly acute and the region faces a number of governance and institutional issues that have undoubtedly constrained development outcomes. Overall, the average score for cluster D is low at 2.9 with the weakest performance in the components of transparency, accountability and corruption in public sector and property rights and rule-based government, both with an average score of 2.7. At 3.4, efficiency of revenue mobilization is the best performing component in this cluster.

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Cluster Indicators


Created from: World Bank, CPIA

Key Indicators


Property Rights and Rule-Based Governance

Quality of Budgetary and Financial Management

Efficiency of Revenue Mobilization

Quality of Public Administration

Transparency, Accountability, and Corruption in the Public Sector