Structural Policies (Cluster B) covers policies affecting trade, the financial sector and the business environment. Policies impacting trade, the financial sector and the business environment are covered under this cluster. The regional average score for cluster B held steady at 3.2 in 2018, but this average score hides considerable variation across the cluster. Trade continued to register the highest scores, but the average score has remained flat over the past two years, reflecting a slow pace of reforms in trade policies and trade facilitation, which the African Continental Free Trade Area aims to reinvigorate.
The average score for the business regulatory environment trended lower in 2018, suggesting that the regulatory environment was less conducive to the private sector development that is needed to boost growth and create jobs. As in the previous year, performance was weakest in the financial sector, with an average score that remained well below the cluster average score.

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Cluster Indicators


Created from: World Bank, CPIA

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Key Indicators



Financial sector

Business regulatory environment