Jobs are a central means of escaping poverty and expanding living standards, as well as increasing productivity in an economy. The supply of labor available in an economy includes people who are employed, those who are unemployed but seeking work, and first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included: unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, while some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Data on labor and employment are compiled by the International Labour Organization (ILO) from labor force surveys, censuses, establishment censuses and surveys, and administrative records such as employment exchange registers and unemployment insurance schemes. The creation of new firms is drawn from the World Bank’s Entrepreneurship Survey.
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